The goal of any research assessment is to evaluate the value or quality of the research in comparison to other research. As quality is highly subjective and difficult to measure, citations are used as a proxy. Citations are an important part of scholarly communication and a significant component of research evaluation, with the assumption being that highly cited work has influenced the work of many other researchers and hence it is more valuable. Recently we have seen new online data sources being researched for this purpose and disruptive ideas with the power to change research assessment, and perhaps even science as a whole, have been born. Altmetrics is the new research area that investigates the potential of these new data source as indicators of the impact that research has made on the scientific community and beyond, and thus possibly also as indicators of the societal impact of research. This book will present some of these new data sources, findings from earlier altmetrics research, and the disruptive ideas that may radically change scholarly communication. Presents some of the key ideas and innovations in earlier research that have been driving the evolution from bibliometrics to webometrics, and with the advent of social media to altmetrics Discusses the shortcomings and pitfalls of bibliometrics in research evaluation and the potential of altmetrics to overcome some of these shortcomings Presents some of the most important data sources of altmetrics, the aggregators, and the different stakeholders Reviews current research about altmetrics and discusses possible future trends Presents a way to measure and aggregate altmetrics according to the level of impact or type of impact they represent Kim Holmberg is a research associate at the Research Unit for the Sociology of Education at the University of Turku, Finland, where he works on questions related to bibliometrics, altmetrics, open science and social media. He is also an Honorary Research Fellow at the Statistical Cybermetrics Research Group at the University of Wolverhampton, UK, and an Adjunct Professor at Åbo Akademi University, Finland. His academic background includes periods as a postdoc researcher at the University of Wolverhampton, UK, and at the VU University Amsterdam, The Netherlands. He has worked on topics such as hyperlink networks, climate change communications in social media, disciplinary differences in online scholarly communication, and educational use of virtual environments. Recently his research has focused on investigating the meaning and validity of altmetrics.
Although publishing and digital cultures are evolving at highly different speeds in the Spanish markets, technology and the ebook both offer a broad spectrum of business opportunities for publishers in Latin America and Spain. The soaring number of ebooks published in those countries, the growing importance of digital reading and the increasing role of the Internet as a distribution and marketing tool for books, all lead to the assumption that the evolution of the digital market is a reality in most Latin American countries. Having looked closely at digital and publishing trends in various countries (Argentina, Brazil Colombia, Chile, Ecuador, Spain, Mexico, Peru), this report, compiled by Dosdoce.com in collaboration with Bookwire, offers a series of indicators and prospects regarding each of these markets, with the purpose of offering a tool for publishers, booksellers, authors, investors, the media and experts to understand the changes being experienced by Spanish-speaking and Portuguese markets, together with the business opportunities these changes offer professionals in the publishing sector worldwide. Dosdoce.com was launched in March 2004 for the purpose of analyzing the use of new technologies in the cultural sector and publishes annual studies related to trends in the creative industries. Dosdoce.com provides strategic management consultancy services, as well as digital skills training sessions to a wide range of cultural sector professional: publishers, retailers, museums, librarians, etc. Throughout the years we have compiled over 40 studies and reports on the use of new technologies in different areas of the cultural sector. Founded in Germany in 2009, Bookwire is an eBook aggregator specialising in marketing digital content in all existing and emerging sales channels worldwide. In 2011 Bookwire became the first certified European supplier for the Apple iBooks Store. Bookwire offers a full service package of delivery, reporting, quality management, shop marketing and conversion. The company works with over 1.000 publishing houses from 30 countries for which it provides the worlds largest network of eBook and audiobook shops. Bookwire has offices in Germany, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, México, Peru, Spain and Russia.